Country information: Montenegro (Crna Gora / Црна Гора) is a country in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan peninsula. By the end of 2014 there weere 6,462 refugees in the country, a big part of them come from Kosovo.
Human Rights 2015: an overview by Amnesty International.
HIV/AIDS rates: From 1989 until December 1, 2013, a total of 153 persons have been infected with HIV. As of 2013, there are 81 persons with AIDS, and 72 HIV positive persons in Montenegro. The prevalence of these infections in Montenegro is 0.02 and is one of the lowest in Europe.
HIV rates among sex workers: 1.1% - 2010.
Legal situation around sex work: Sex work is illegal.
The law on public order and peace states the following:
- A person engaged in sex work or actions that encourage sex work in a public place shall be punished for an offense by a fine of 200 to 1000 Euro or imprisonment for up to 30 days. (Art. 27)
- A legal entity that leases or provides space for sex work or otherwise mediates in sex work, will be fined by 500 to 5000 Euro. For the same offense an entrepreneur will be fined by 300 to 2000 Euro. The responsible person in the legal entity has to pay a fine of 300 to 2000 Euro, while an individual has to either pay a fine of 300 to 1500 Euro, or be imprisoned for a period not exceeding 30 days. (Art. 28)
Buying sex services is not a criminal offense.
The Penalty Code punishes the following crimes:
- coercion into prostitution – up to 1 year of imprisonment*;
- mediation in delivery of a person to someone else for the act of prostitution – up to 1 year of imprisonment*;
- advertisement and propaganda of prostitution in media and by similar means – up to 1 year of imprisonment*.
* If the same applies to a minor, both the perpetrator and the client will be imprisoned for 2 to 10 years.
There are also articles on human trade with intent of coercion into prostitution.
Services in country: NGO Juventas is the only organization in Montenegro which is concerned with improving the social, health and existential conditions of sex workers. They had several projects aimed at improving the quality of life of sex workers. Currently, there is “Open Doors” project within which there is a drop-in center for sex workers and injection drug users, and a number of educational, health, social, legal services and condom and lubricant distribution.
Since June 30th 2015 there is no GFTAM project in Montenegro, as well as there is no any kind of projects targeting SWs. The only service that are still operating in MNE are drop in center for PWID and for MSM. (SWs who are PWID are using services of drop in for PWID, and ones that are not are coming for condoms). But these services are not sustainable, and minimum of work is secured only till the end of 2015.
Sex workers’ movement: Absent.
A full report by NGO Juventas can be found here.
Члены СВАН отметили 1 декабря, всемирный день борьбы со СПИДом, проведением различных мероприятий.
On 1st of December, The World AIDS Day, SWAN members celebrated with multiple activities.
On Saturday, May 29, 2010 the third and final generation of SWAN groups participated in a training on media sensitizations in Tirana, Albania. Genci and Enkelejda of Aksion Plus were gracious hosts in their beautiful city. Representative from sex work projects from Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Albania, Montenegro and Latvia participated in the one-day event which also brought together sex workers from Hungary, Albania and Bulgaria.
June 3, 2010
By Anna-Louise Crago
Over all the ethical breaches and problems surrounding media representation of sex workers echoed those of previous SWAN groups who did the media sensitization trainings. The fact that Hungary has a legalized system with tolerance zones contributed new dynamics and issues to think about.
Sex workers’ organizations across Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia used the opportunity of the International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers to advocate SW’s rights. Below is a summary of the activities carried out be the organizations.
The youngest SWAN member that joined the Network in April 2008, Juventas has developed a solid outreach work in this country. In 2005 they participated in two national surveys - on behavior and on epidemiology of intravenous drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW). In 2006 they started outreach work for IDU and SW, and in 2007 they particularly focused their interests on sex work issues. More
На встрече собрались 32 участника из 16 стран с целью обменяться опытом, обсудить проблемы и найти решения, обновить и укрепить партнерские связи и теснее познакомиться с новыми членами сети.
The meeting brought together 32 participants from 16 countries with the aim to exchange experience, share problems and find solutions, renew and strengthen the partnership ties and get to know new network members better.