Historical/political snapshot (Wikipedia): Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world.
Human Rights 2015: an overview by Amnesty International
HIV/AIDS rates: according to UNAIDS number of people living with HIV in Russia in 2014 is 850,000-1,300,000 (0,6- 0,9%). According to HIV-center Russia there are 907.607 people living with HIV in Russia (as of 31.12.2014)
HIV prevalence among sex-workers: The prevalence of HIV infection among sex-workers in various cities ranged from 3.8% to 11.6% (2012). Around 15% of indoors sex-workers and more than 60% of outdoor sex-workers in St-Petersburg are HIV-positive (2015).
Legal situation around sex-work: It is illegal to sell sex and to organise commercial sex in any place.
The Code of Administrative Offences prohibits 'engagement in prostitution' (Article 6.1.1) and 'Deriving Income from Engagement in Prostitution, Where This Income Is Connected with Another Person's Engagement in Prostitution' (Article 6.12).
The Criminal Code makes it illegal to keep brothels and organise prostitution. (articles 240 and 241)
The laws are rarely used and there is a large, open sex industry in many parts of the country due to widespread police corruption.
In May 2013, Russia's national organization of sex workers, Silver Rose, was denied NGO registration by Russia's Ministry of Justice. The Ministry declared that 'there is no such profession as sex work, 'accusing Silver Rose of 'campaigning and propaganda inciting social, racial, national and or religious hatred and enmity' (Article 29 of the Constitution) and 'organization of prostitution".
Although there is no formal provision for mandatory medical examinations, sex workers have suggested that local police and health workers together create and enforce rules aimed at removing infected women from the sex industry.
It is not illegal to buy sex.
Services for sex-workers:
A recently established service center in Kazan is at the moment the only institution in Russia providing anonymous and free complex medical, psychological and social assistance to sex workers
Exclusively for SWAN News by Lilia Taisheva and Nebojsa Radic
KAZAN, RUSSIA, October 2006 – Kazan, the capital of the autonomous Russian republic of Tatarstan, and its inhabitants have many reasons to be proud. Kazan is one of the largest economic, scientific, cultural centers and ancient cities of Russia. Situated some 800 kilometers to the east from Moscow, on the edge of Siberia, it has a long and rich history dating back to the Middle Age and the time of the Volga Bulgars. In the beginning of the 19th century Kazan State University (KSU) and Printing Press were founded here by Alexander I. Among others, Lobachevsky, the founder of the non-Euclidic geometry studied at KSU and was it rector from 1827 to 1846. Lev Tolstoy and Alexander Pushkin, who both lived and wrote here, immortalized the city which lays on the intersection of eastern and western cultures and boasts some of Russia's oldest architectural masterpieces. Music lovers will know that Fyodor Chaliapin was born here, and that one of the greatest 20-th century dancers, the ballet genius Rudolf Xämätulı Nureyev was Tatar.
In 2005, when Kazan celebrated its millennium, several outstanding events put the city again into the Russian media and on the world map. The 200th anniversary of the founding of the KSU was introduced into the UNESCO anniversaries list for 2004-2005. A single metro line with five stations was opened and the largest mosque in Russia, Qolsharif, was inaugurated in the city center. But the establishment of the Service Center Simona - providing anonymous and free complex medical, psychological and social assistance to sex workers – was a single event that made the city an avant-garde in dealing with contemporary social and public health issues in Russia. More
Representatives of various organizations supporting sex workers in 9 cities in the Russian Federation (Astrakhan, Lipetsk, Syktyvkary, Tomsk, Izhevsk, Krasnoyarsk, etc.) met in St. Petersburg on July 27-29. The visit was organized by “AIDS Infoshare” (Moscow), within the program “HIV Prevention Activities among Paid Sex Workers”, which is a part of the “National Priority Health Project 2006”. The meeting was hosted by “Humanitarian Action” and “Stellit”.
Siberian Initiative has been active for more than 10 years. Today, the organization works in three main directions: primary prevention of HIV and drug use (primarily among the youth); cooperation with the specialists in charge of monitoring and treatment of socially significant epidemic diseases; and development of non-commercial sector and civil initiatives. In ten years time various foundations and organizations have funded some 40 projects. During the last six years the organization has been carrying out the harm reduction program for the injection drug users and sex workers, first such program in the Altai region. More