Historical/political snapshot (Wikipedia): Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km2, making it the largest wholly European country and the second largest country in Europe.
Human Rights 2015: an overview by Amnesty International
HIV/AIDS rates: 290.000 HIV positive people as of 2014, prevalence rate among adults aged 15 to 49 is 1,2% (UNAIDS)
HIV prevalence among sex workers: 7,3% according to "Alliance".
Legal situation around sex work: Sex work is an administrative offense.
Under the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses sex work is punished either by a warning or a fine of 5 to 10 untaxed minimum income of citizens (85 to 170 UAH), and if a person is caught doing sex work for the second time within a year, then the fine is 8 to 15 untaxed minimum income of citizens (136 to 255 UAH).
Purchase of sexual services is not prohibited.
The Criminal code punishes:
- creating or maintaining of a brothel and pandering (Art. 302): a fine up to 50 untaxed minimum income of citizens or restraint of freedom for up to 2 years. If commited for profit / by a previously convicted person / by an organized group - restraint of freedom or imprisonment for up to 5 years. If commited to a minor - imprisonment for 2 to 7 years.
- pimping or coercion into prostitution (Art. 303): imprisonment for 3 to 5 years. If commited with several persons / repeatedly / with a previous agreement among several p[eople / by an official / by a person from whom a victim was dependant - imprisonment for 4 to 7 years. If commited to a minor / by a group - imprisonment for 5 to 10 years and confiscatino of property. If commited to a minor or with aggreviating circumstances - imprisonment for 8 to 15 years and confiscation of property.
- human trafficking is punished by imprisonment for 3 to 8 years or in case of aggreviating circumstances - imprisonment for 5 to 12 and 8 to 15 years with confiscation of property.
Services for sex-workers: In Ukraine, in 2011, HIV and STI prevention services for sex workers were provided by 54 NGOs in all regions of the country. Every client is offered a basic package of services. In 2010, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance in Ukraine piloted a peer - driven intervention project for HIV prevention among sex workers, which aimed to reach new groups of sex workers, identify their nee ds for services, raise awareness of HIV an d provide quality HIV and STI counselling and testing. The intervention was scaled up to seven sites, reaching 2 700 women engaged in sex work by September 2011. In January 2012, five new peer - driven interventions were launched. This approach has enabled N GOs to reach new sub - groups of sex workers including those working in apartments and other hard - to - reach places, those aged 14 - 18 years and those working through the internet. More than half of the project clients were aged below 25 years, the sub - group of sex workers most vulnerable to HIV and STI.
17 декабря 2008 - 17 декабря в мире отмечается Международный день против насилия по отношению к работникам секс-индустрии.
Об этом на пресс-конференции в УНИАН сообщил руководитель программ политики и адвокации Международного Альянса по ВИЧ/СПИД в Украине Павел Скала.
18.12.08 Татьяна ГРАДОБЛЯНСКАЯ.
Вчера в Украине отметили Международный день против насилия по отношению к секс-работникам. Последних сегодня, по разным экспертным оценкам, в нашей стране насчитывается от 110 до 250 тысяч.
Лидеры отечественных организаций секс-работников призвали общество относиться с уважением к их работе, и предупредили, что из-за финансового кризиса их «армия» увеличится.
UHRA, SWAN member from Ukraine organized a media campaign and press conference to mark the campaign. "We do not demand special rights for sex workers. We demand provision of basic constitutional rights and freedoms and an end to violence," said Irina Mishina of UHRA.
On December 20 the city mayor of Kiev Leonid Chernoveckiy stated in a popular TV show that human rights of Ukrainian prostitutes are routinely violated: they pay kickbacks to the police, gangsters and MPs; they are mistreated, beaten, and raped. So, he said, a trade union of prostitutes should be established to protect their rights and give them moral and legal support.
17 December, Press-conference.
Kyiv, Ukraine: Irina Mishina from UHRA, SWAN member in Ukraine: "We do not demand some kind of special rights for sex workers. We demand provision of basic constitutional rights and freedoms and end to violence".
A review of press-conference by independent journalist
...Among the invited were heads of the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Economics and Ministry of Justice of Ukraine. They were invited, but... for some reason they didn't show up. One ministry said that they had sent the invitation letter to be processed and ... it is still being processed. Anothr ministry did not react at all. Law enforcement representatives stressed that they are ready to provide statistics, but not their representatives for the press-conference. More
Source: DPA -- Ukrainian law enforcers are attempting to dampen growing prostitution by writing unpleasant notes to the parents of arrested streetwalkers, the Sehodnia newspaper reports. More
Talking about the ongoing preparations for the UEFA Euro Soccer Championship that will take place in 2012 in Poland and Ukraine, Ukrainian Minister of Public Health Vasiliy Knizaiewicz recently stated that he supports legalization of prostitution. More