Historical/political snapshot (Wikipedia): Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km2, making it the largest wholly European country and the second largest country in Europe.
Human Rights 2015: an overview by Amnesty International
HIV/AIDS rates: 290.000 HIV positive people as of 2014, prevalence rate among adults aged 15 to 49 is 1,2% (UNAIDS)
HIV prevalence among sex workers: 7,3% according to "Alliance".
Legal situation around sex work: Sex work is an administrative offense.
Under the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses sex work is punished either by a warning or a fine of 5 to 10 untaxed minimum income of citizens (85 to 170 UAH), and if a person is caught doing sex work for the second time within a year, then the fine is 8 to 15 untaxed minimum income of citizens (136 to 255 UAH).
Purchase of sexual services is not prohibited.
The Criminal code punishes:
- creating or maintaining of a brothel and pandering (Art. 302): a fine up to 50 untaxed minimum income of citizens or restraint of freedom for up to 2 years. If commited for profit / by a previously convicted person / by an organized group - restraint of freedom or imprisonment for up to 5 years. If commited to a minor - imprisonment for 2 to 7 years.
- pimping or coercion into prostitution (Art. 303): imprisonment for 3 to 5 years. If commited with several persons / repeatedly / with a previous agreement among several p[eople / by an official / by a person from whom a victim was dependant - imprisonment for 4 to 7 years. If commited to a minor / by a group - imprisonment for 5 to 10 years and confiscatino of property. If commited to a minor or with aggreviating circumstances - imprisonment for 8 to 15 years and confiscation of property.
- human trafficking is punished by imprisonment for 3 to 8 years or in case of aggreviating circumstances - imprisonment for 5 to 12 and 8 to 15 years with confiscation of property.
Services for sex-workers: In Ukraine, in 2011, HIV and STI prevention services for sex workers were provided by 54 NGOs in all regions of the country. Every client is offered a basic package of services. In 2010, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance in Ukraine piloted a peer - driven intervention project for HIV prevention among sex workers, which aimed to reach new groups of sex workers, identify their nee ds for services, raise awareness of HIV an d provide quality HIV and STI counselling and testing. The intervention was scaled up to seven sites, reaching 2 700 women engaged in sex work by September 2011. In January 2012, five new peer - driven interventions were launched. This approach has enabled N GOs to reach new sub - groups of sex workers including those working in apartments and other hard - to - reach places, those aged 14 - 18 years and those working through the internet. More than half of the project clients were aged below 25 years, the sub - group of sex workers most vulnerable to HIV and STI.
Prostitution exists anyway, and one brothel may revenue 300 thousand dollars per month – say supporters of legalization of prostitution in Ukraine
KIEV, 26 October 2006 -- Activists of several nongovernmental organizations addressed Kyiv council with a request to allocate a lot for building the first brothel in Ukraine. According to those who advocate the project, legalization of prostitution may help filling state budget. More
REGNUM News, Ukraine:
16 October 2006, Kiev -- Kiev police chief Vitaly Yarema believes, if prostitution is legalized in Ukraine, both revenue of state budget and quality of services will increase; he is quoted as stating it in Kiev. According to him, commercial firms of the sphere should exist in Ukraine; minors will be forbidden to go there; the places will be inspected by tax and medical institutions and guarded in appropriate way. More